"Set yourself up for success." We hear this and assume it refers to things like preparation, practice, or being in the right mindset.
While none of those ideas are wrong, we often dismiss a huge determining factor of success: Our environment.
According to various studies, our surroundings have a significant impact on our productivity, oftentimes more than any other external or internal factor. For instance, you can have incredibly strong willpower, but it'll be difficult to maintain healthy eating habits if you’re in a house filled with junk food.
As humans, we are quick to blame our environments when something goes wrong.
"It's the economy." "The traffic." "My horrible co-workers."
But when something goes right, we believe it was all thanks to us and our top-notch execution. But the logic doesn’t add up.
If our environment paves the way for failure, then it stands to reason that it also paves the way for success. Don’t buy it? Let's explore a few real-world studies and anecdotes.
How the Environment Influenced the Spread of Agriculture
In his book, Guns, Germs, and Steel, anthropologist Jared Diamond makes a simple observation: Continents have different shapes. But this simple fact has had a huge impact on human behavior and the spread of agriculture.
The European, Asian, and Middle Eastern continental landmass primarily expands east-west. On the other hand, the Americas (North and South America) and Africa expand north-south.
Locations along the same latitude line typically share similar climates. And a similar climate means that the cultivation practices of the same crops can be spread far and wide throughout the continent.
Agriculture developed much more rapidly where the continental landmass expanded east-west (Europe, Asia, and the Middle East).
On the other hand, since the Americas and African continents expand north-south, the climates varied. The cultivation methods could not be shared or re-created, and the thread of agriculture wasn't as strong. With such variations, these societies were not able to develop as rapidly or expand as far.
There is no evidence that Europe-Asia-Middle East had better farmers than the Americas and Africa. The main difference was the environment. One environment encouraged a quicker spread of agriculture while others did not.
Who Wants To Be an Organ Donor?
A study conducted by researchers Eric Johnson and Daniel Goldstein found that your environment impacts your behavior without you realizing it.
They collected data from 11 European countries that showed the percentage of people who had decided to be an organ donor. Four of the countries had extremely low organ donor participation, while the remaining seven were extremely high.
This data was perplexing at first. These two groups didn’t have huge differences—culturally, economically, or even socially.
Then it began to make sense. The reason these two groups differed was due to the type of donor form that each country sent out. In countries with a low percentage of organ donors, people were asked to "opt-in" if they wanted to be organ donors. The countries with a high percentage were asked to "opt-out" if they did not want to be organ donors.
In other words, people were more likely to choose the default option they were designated on the form. So if the country's form, by default, assigned you as an organ donor, then you'd be more likely to choose the default option (and remain an organ donor).
Despite organ donations being a personal decision, people are highly influenced by environmental design.
Optimizing Your Environment
Whether it's issues as large as the spread of agriculture, or as small as checking a box on a form, it's safe to say that our environment has a big impact on our decisions.
This begs the question: How is your life being affected by your environment? Is it positive or negative?
Here are a few ways to optimize your environment to make sure that it’s lifting you up, instead of pulling you down.
Maximize Your Energy at the Right Time
Many people experience peak energy during the first half of the day.
However, many of us begin our days with shallow work (emails, social media, and other distractions). These are better reserved for later in the day when our energy is waning.
If we really wanted to be productive, we'd do our most difficult tasks in the first half of the day when energy is highest.
And if you're the type of person who has tons of energy at night, maximize your time accordingly.
Bottom line: Focus on important work when you experience peak energy.
Make Good Decisions Easier to Execute
We're creatures of habit. So to be more productive, we should make it easier to execute good decisions.
For instance, packing your gym bag the night before will give you fewer excuses to avoid the gym in the morning. This makes it easy and inevitable.
Remove Negative Habits by Making Them Harder
When it comes to those habits that hinder our productivity, the best option is just to remove them altogether. And we can do this by making them harder.
Put the TV remote away in a drawer where it isn’t easily accessible. Put social media blockers on your phone and computer so that you can’t check them during working hours. Keep the unhealthy snacks out of reach so you're forced to search for them.
Putting a little more distance between you and your bad habits will help you eliminate them.
If you're unsure of how to change your environment, take some inspiration from the creator of the polio vaccine: Jonas Salk.
Salk worked tirelessly for years to find the cure for polio, often spending 16 hours a day in the lab. He did this for years and kept getting stuck. Salk decided to take a much-need break and stayed in a Franciscan monastery in the Italian countryside.
Salk soon found that he was inspired by Romanesque and Gothic architecture, completely enthralled by its history and culture.
His mind was able to expand in ways it never had before. He claims that he was “able to do intuitive thinking far beyond any I had done in the past.”
The monastery is where he had a breakthrough that led to the polio vaccine.
Next Steps: Switch Up Your Environment
Studies have proven that our environment has a significant impact on our decisions. If you haven't given your environment any real thought, now is the time. You may not discover a vaccine, but you will undoubtedly create more success and opportunity in your life.
Want to learn more about creating opportunities in your life? Check out our article: 3 Facets of Opportunity: Utilize Your Time to Create Potential Value.